Friday, November 29, 2019
Presentation Dka free essay sample
Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to asÃ diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has highÃ blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enoughÃ insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms ofÃ polyuriaÃ (frequent urination),Ã polydipsiaÃ (increased thirst) andÃ polyphagiaÃ (increased hunger). There are three main types of diabetes: * TypeÃ 1 diabetes: results from the bodys failure to produce insulin, and presently requires the person to inject insulin. Also referred to as insulin-dependentÃ diabetes mellitus,Ã IDDMÃ for short, andÃ juvenileÃ diabetes. ) * TypeÃ 2 diabetes: results fromÃ insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to use insulin properly, sometimes combined with an absolute insulin deficiency. (Formerly referred to asÃ non-insulin-dependentÃ diabetes mellitus,Ã NIDDMÃ for short, andÃ adult-onsetÃ diabetes. ) * Gestational diabetes: is when pregnant women, who have never had diabetes before, have a high blood glucose level during pregnancy. We will write a custom essay sample on Presentation Dka or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page It may precede development of typeÃ 2 DM. (1) In the Philippines, according to the Department of Health (DOH), an estimated four million Filipinos suffer fromÃ diabetes. It appears that most Filipinos suffer from Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Early signs are lethargy, extreme thirst, and frequent urination. Other symptoms may include sudden weight loss, slowÃ wound healing, urinary tract infections, gum disease, or blurred vision. It is not unusual forÃ Type II diabetesÃ to be detected while a patient is seeing a doctor about another health concern that is actually being caused by the yet undiagnosed diabetes. Diabetic ketoacidosisÃ (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication in patients withÃ diabetes mellitus. It happens predominantly in those withÃ type 1 diabetes, but it can occur in those withÃ type 2 diabetesÃ under certain circumstances. DKA results from a shortage of insulin; in response the body switches to burningÃ fatty acidsÃ and producing acidicÃ ketone bodiesÃ that cause most of the symptoms and complications. (2) DKA may be the first symptom of previously undiagnosed diabetes, but it may also occur in known diabetics due to a variety of causes, such as intercurrent illness or poor compliance withÃ insulin therapy. Vomiting,Ã dehydration,Ã deep gasping breathing,Ã confusionÃ and occasionally comaÃ are typical symptoms. DKA is diagnosed withÃ bloodÃ andÃ urine tests; it is distinguished from other, rarer forms ofÃ ketoacidosisÃ by the presence of highÃ blood sugarÃ levels. Treatment involvesÃ intravenous fluidsÃ to correct dehydration, insulin to suppress the production of ketone bodies, treatment for any underlying causes such as infections, and close observation to prevent and identify complications. (2) DKA is aÃ medical emergency, and without treatment it can lead to death.